Birmingham Hip Resurfacing
The Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) is a metal-on-metal prosthesis used in hip resurfacing procedure. Hip Resurfacing is a bone conserving procedure where the acetabulum (hip socket) is replaced and femoral head is resurfaced. Hip resurfacing is indicated in all the individuals with arthritis where conservative treatment was a failure. Advantage of hip resurfacing procedure is that the little bone is removed from femoral head and this spares the femoral canal.
The conventional method of total hip replacement offers poor long-term outcomes for young and active patients leading to the further complications such as revision surgery and associated problems.
In hip resurfacing, the articular surfaces of the femur and acetabulum are replaced. The procedure is bone conserving as most of the head of the femur is retained. Instead of removing the head completely as with a total hip replacement, it is shaped to accept a low-wear metal sphere. This sphere matches the patient's own anatomy that confers low risk of dislocation, a broad range of movement and excellent stability.
Hip Resurfacing is reserved for the young active male under the age of 55.
The BHR offers a bone conserving total hip replacement, with the potential for higher levels of patient activity. The BHR system has allowed many young and active patients, athletes, and sports personalities with arthritic hip to perform their normal activities with no or minimal pain.